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Titanium Vs. Silver & Gold for Unusual & Unique Men's Jewelry

How easily can you find unusual gifts, today, uniquely popular? When you narrow searches to find things special in this new age of niches, you can also find experts. They will answer your every concern with a passion that spells dedication. Some merchants choose to gain a tight focus in only one area, to define expertise more and more and lead in their field, independence set apart and driven to excellence.

Although they cater to smaller segments of the market, they win customers from storekeepers merely dabbling in the connoisseur's area. Experience dominates trade. The more experts define a niche, the more they will even pull away from colleagues in proficiency. Would you rather spend money with salespeople whose involvement in your purchasing affairs only slightly regard you due to volume, or other concerns; or with ones whose intense interest is palpable because they chose to immerse themselves in a particular area, and push on to expert status??

Many seek after experts when they expect to pay for quality, like when you buy each other jewelry. When can jewelry become a niche? Selling rings, or bracelets, necklaces, pendants, maybe? Unless you added uniqueness to one of those, I'm afraid you wouldn't find that unusual present. If you hit upon an unprompted nook, perhaps a web site awaits your visit.

Small segments of a few countries uniquely adorned, don large jewelry as with many silver bracelets, or titanium men's bracelets. Titanium's gained great attention in a market where it competes with precious metals that have been around for thousands of years longer. William Gregor of England discovered it in 1791. Its price's comparable to sterling silver, its expense attributed to it because you can't solder it, and the high-tech processing it requires. Its qualities vary:

1. The ratio between strength and density's higher than any other metal, making titanium men's jewelry more comfortable for the rugged.

2. It withstands extreme heat and extreme mechanical force.

3. It possesses extreme tensile strength.

4. It resists corrosion, especially from oxygen.

5. Its elasticity and its inactivity with tissues bring extreme biological-compatibility.

Titanium's inertness, coupled with its strength to weight (stronger than steel, but 42% lighter) also makes it most sought after, and is the most used element in more industries than anything in existence, today. Its attractive natural gray surfaces cannot affect the skin--it's hypoallergenic. Its pureness as jewelry exceeds competing precious metals: its 99+% pureness skyrockets over 14kt gold's 58%, while platinum's 90% pure, the silver mostly used--92.5% pure.

You can credit titanium for men's growing popularity to its greater scratch resistance, plus its ability to have its surface's color changed through oxidation, exotically and otherwise, adding to its harmony. You can't change most precious metals like that. But, because the color can scratch off, you should purchase colored titanium with a satin finish, or have the color put in grooves to help protect it.

Although many prefer gold and platinum, if titanium had been discovered those thousands of years ago, many agree its popularity would fair well with the others. If only each of us could match such a marked growth as to our quality as titanium has grown in its uses since the time of its discovery...

Now, let's compare and contrast titanium with the traditional metals:

1. You can combine titanium with inlays of gold, or silver in jewelry design.

2. Corrosion resistant, and tarnish resistant, titanium's lasting shine far exceeds the competition: gold's and silver's reaction with oxygen effects a loss of color and shine.

3. Allergies to gold, silver, and nickel (often mixed with gold and silver) adversely affect people: titanium does not react with biological tissues.

4. With titanium, you fair better in water, in outdoor activities--its durability outruns other jewelry that's often lost or damaged. Titanium's strength, and lighter weight deliver confidence, deliver comfort.
Find fashion, find new trends, find versatility, find this niche, and find the expert on this newly forming tradition. 

RESOURCE BOX
ABOUT THE AUTHOR: My name's Timothy G. Cochran. My experience writing articles, poems, short stories and more spans a couple of decades. Enjoy some of the unique styles you can find at: www.silverwow.co.uk

We grant anyone and everyone PERMISSION to reprint this article as long as nothing is changed in the article, or the resource box. You may, however, add your link under the existing one at web sites where two or more are allowed.

 

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A preview: Starting with a quick story of how Byzantium began, I briefly chronicle the transfers in possession of the city. I share chain of events for Constantine's control and the city's fame, much of which came from the arts and fabricating pieces of jewelry individually. 
 
 
A Brief History of Byzantium (bih-zan'-shee-um),
 
Byzantium silver, and more of its Jewelry
 
 
Around 650 B.C., a leader named Byzas sailed a ship from Megara, fifteen miles west of Athens, approached the Bosporus and landed at Chalcedon. Colonists consulted the oracle priestess before leaving. They didn't understand, for she had said that they would find a new home opposite the city of the blind. The Bosporus was twenty miles long and very narrow. There, they could control trade between the Black and Aegean Seas. They went from Chalcedon two and a half miles northwest to the other side of the Bosporus. Chalcedon's harbor facilities couldn't compare to the wide beautiful, large harbor they had founded; it could hold any number of ships and with water on three sides, it was easily defended. While they couldn't understand Chalcedon's inferior choice of neighborhood, they did come to understand that the oracle had been speaking of Chalcedon as the city of the blind. The city of Byzantion, named from Byzas' vanity, we know from Latin as Byzantium. Though ancient Geeks founded it, perhaps Byzas never existed and the name came from Byzantium's meaning of "compact", its city pressed together on their tongue of land. 
 
 
 
The Byzantine Empire lasted approximately 2000 years, 1129 if counted from 324 when Constantine moved his capital there from Rome. By 1453, the Byzantines had lost their empire to the Ottoman Turks, Constantinople continuing as the capital in the new Ottoman Empire, which changed to Istanbul in 1930 in Turkey. When Constantine (1st) ruled western Rome and Licinius dominated eastern Rome, Byzantium (Constantinople) included, commercialism prospered the Byzantines busily, but with little renown. They were the crossroads between Europe and Asia.
 
 
July of 323 to September, Constantine (1st) chased Licinius through Byzantium to Chrysopolis, just north of Chalcedon, for the last battle settling the dispute, and Constantine won the rest of the Roman Empire. After Byzantium's surrender, he wiped their commercial center. Expanding, he had walled it off and built his imitation of Rome, the new capital known as "New Rome", which was completed on May 11, 330. People referred to it as Constantine's city, Constantinople to us. Byzantium with its new name became the largest, the wealthiest, the most cultured, and the most famous city of its time. The Byzantines did not lose influence. No, not at all, for a new coin that Constantine created was called a "bezant", and Byzantine silver and other jewelry fabricated then remain well known and are still very popular to this day. 
 
 
By that time, Rome interwove itself with Christianity and as Roman tradition continued in early Byzantine jewelry, Christian themes emerged in the 5th century. Crosses and Byzantine chain necklaces became very popular. Byzantine silver and many finger rings bore Christian symbols. Christ, his mother, angels, and saints widely represented in sterling silver Byzantine jewelry surfaced with other precious metals and precious stones along with many allegorical representations, which brought out earlier floral, faunal, and geometric designs. From their illustrious passion to connect their values, their arts to the world, jewelers in Constantinople savored their renown far, far beyond their borders. In the eighth century, Byzantine styles greatly influenced European jewelry: heavy Byzantine necklaces-4mm-12mm, Bali Byzantine silver, Byzantine chain necklaces, heavy Byzantine bracelets-4mm-12mm, Byzantine chain bracelets and more. Early Byzantines and Romans also favored emeralds while jewelers fancied adding gold and silver, enamel, pearls, precious and semi-precious stones to the same pieces of Byzantine jewelry. They created colorful effects in many pieces with enamel, which became popular and oxidizing sterling silver enhanced the vintage feel of Byzantium medieval times.
 
While most Christian articulations surfaced in the 5th and 6th centuries, Byzantine crosses date back to the fourth century with the beginning of Constantinople, created impassionedly as a result of Constantine Christianizing the Roman Empire. The Byzantine crosses unearthed in digs showed-off attributes possessing the ardor of the craftsmen infused with holiness and spiritual tincture that illuminated Byzantium heart and soul. Before today's mass production, Byzantines brought mastery to their artisanship in an era elucidating exceptional virtuosity, provocative architecture, and creating immaculate jewelry only the focused attention enlivened in one piece at a time can endow.
 
We hope this leaves you enlightened about a very famous Byzantine society and the art they loved in medieval times. Click the resource link and discover many Byzantine silver styles available for your selection.
 
 
ABOUT THE AUTHOR: My name's Timothy G. Cochran. My experience writing articles, poems, short stories and more spans a couple of decades. Enjoy some of the unique Silver Byzantine Bracelets & Necklace Chains designs at: http://www.silverwow.co.uk
 

We grant anyone and everyone PERMISSION to reprint this article as long as nothing is changed in the article, or the resource box. You may, however, add your link under the existing one at web sites where two or more are allowed. 

 

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Facing off Gold, Silver and Platinum with Titanium

Titanium jewelry possesses many fine attributes, which makes it a worthy choice. Choosing its outstanding qualities can without question fashion our titanium choices with excellence in our gifts to others. The traditional precious metals like gold, silver, and platinum are not the end-all of exceptional selections.

 

Titanium's high resistance to corrosion protects its luster and keeps it from tarnishing hand over fist above the ability of the others. We can predict in fact that gold and silver bracelets, for instance, will in time lack their distinct luminosity, diminishing the brilliance we bought the jewelry for. The oxygen we live on affects the metals chemically, fading their color. And if we wear the jewelry more than we store it, the perspiration from our bodies speeds up this process.

 

The hypoallergenic nature of titanium adds to our desire to buy the jewelry, especially for people whose skin reacts adversely to traditional precious metalssilver and gold is often mixed with nickle, which many people are allergic to. Titanium very rarely reacts with biological tissues and its alloys, and choosing it allays the pain and suffering of allergies.


Titanium's durability and scratch resistance exceeds the other metals by quite a margin. We can engage in outdoor activities with no thought of damaging our titanium rings and things, even in water sports. When we wear our silver and gold, our caution compels us to remove the items during many activities to prevent us from defacing the jewelry with scratches or worse. We can avoid such inconveniences when we select titanium jewelry for our everyday wear. An enjoyable aspect of titanium promotes comfort with its strength to weight ratio. The much stronger titanium as compared to silver and gold is also a lot lighter than they are; even steel loses out to our long enduring titanium in strength to weight ratios.

 
The fashion setters wear titanium jewelry. Its newness and versatility in the industry has created dynamic and innovative combinations with silver, gold, and also gems. The jewelers can engrave it, can manifest the illustrious finish the same as with the traditional adornments. Unlike gold and silver, a jeweler can add color to men's titanium rings or men's titanium bracelets with anodization. The reasons for inquiry into the world of titanium jewelry are too numerous to not evoke just little bit of curiosity if you're not well versed in this relatively new fashion. Scratch the itch. 
 
ABOUT THE AUTHOR: My name's Timothy G. Cochran. My experience writing articles, poems, short stories and more spans a couple of decades. Enjoy some of the unique Silver Byzantine Bracelets & Necklace Chains designs at: http://www.silverwow.net
 

We grant anyone and everyone PERMISSION to reprint this article as long as nothing is changed in the article, or the resource box. You may, however, add your link under the existing one at web sites where two or more are allowed. 

 

Caring for handmade gold and silver rings
By: Groshan Fabiola

One of the worse things that can happen is seeing beloved handmade rings become permanently damaged when it was totally preventable. Silver and gold rings should be cared for with the same care that they were produced with, so they can last a lifetime. To avoid having to explain to mother why the handmade gold ring that has been passed down for generations is ruined, there are simple steps that should be followed.

The first steps to caring for silver rings and gold rings is to protect them from begin scratched, dented, chemically damaged or warped from extreme hot and cold. People should store their handmade rings separately and remove them when doing things like gardening and cleaning. A handmade gold ring should also not be worn when swimming, hot-tubbing or bathing, especially when there is chlorine in the water. Silver rings and gold rings should also not be stored near heating vents, window sills or anywhere extreme heat and sun will catch them.

The best place to store a handmade gold ring or silver ring is in a re-sealable plastic bag or jewelry bags with a silica-gel sachet, as this will prevent tarnishing. Owners should also try to wipe down their handmade rings after wearing them to remove dirt and skin oils. Gold and silver rings can also be washed in warm soapy water providing they are dried carefully before storage. Then they should be rinsed carefully and patted dry with a soft non-abrasive cloth.

Handmade rings of silver and gold should generally be cared for very gently and carefully. Commercial silver and gold cleaners should only be used if any stones in the jewelry can withstand the chemicals in the cleaner. Some handmade rings with gemstones that cant be placed in commercial cleaners include those with pearls, lapis lazuli, malachite, opals, coral and turquoise.

A handmade gold ring or silver ring can also be cleaned using a solution made of ammonia and water. Owners should use a light solution of ammonia and water on a toothbrush or soft cloth and then rinse thoroughly with water. The same can be said about using this solution on handmade rings with gemstones; it should be used with caution. Tarnish can be prevented by storing gold and silver rings in re-sealable plastic bags together with a sachet of silica gel. This will absorb any moisture on a handmade gold ring or silver ring. Handmade rings containing pearls and opals, however, should not be stored in plastic bags.

With a little care and preventative maintenance, hand made rings of silver and gold should be able to last for generations. Even silver rings that aren�t worth a lot of money often have sentimental value in the family, and they should be treated accordingly. The same can be said about a handmade gold ring that has been passed down for generations; it should be cared for so many more generations can enjoy it.

Article Source: http://www.superfeature.com

Pure Silver� Fine Silver
by: Linda Polansky

Wearing silver jewelry is quite fashionable for young people and its white luster bestows a serene elegance on the wearer. You will find exquisite silver jewelry available in the market ranging from beautiful silver charms, necklaces, bracelets, earrings, rings, bangles and watches. It�s much more affordable compared to gold and exudes a shine quite similar to platinum.

Silver has been used to make jewelry right the time of the Phoenician, Byzantine and Egyptian empires. Today, most of the world�s silver comes from the mines of Mexico and Peru.

Pure silver is call fine silver. Since silver in its purest forms is very soft and quite malleable, other metals are mixed, to make it more durable. It�s important to look out for the 925, .925 or Sterling Silver mark, when buying jewelry because these marks ensure that the silver is 92.5% pure. The remaining 7.5 percent of the jewelry is copper. Even though any other metal can be used to make up the 7.5 percent, copper is preferred since it is found to be the most suited alloy to silver as it can improve the metal�s hardness and durability without diminishing it�s white luster.

The 925, .925 or Sterling Silver marks shows that the silver jewelry you are buying is not silver plated and not an imitation made with other white colored metal alloys. At the same time, if you find a mark higher than the recommended 92.5%, avoid buying the piece as it will be too soft. It can�t endure everyday wear and is not worth the money spent.

One thing about silver jewelry is that it develops a tarnish, which occurs quite naturally when it interacts with sulfur or hydrogen in the surrounding air. Tarnish can be removed by using polish specifically formulated to remove tarnish from silver jewelry. Silver polishes, solutions, or cloths required to remove tarnish can be found at local hardware stores or specialty craft stores.

About The Author

Linda Polansky writes about http://www.jewelryanddiamondguide.com/, http://www.jewelryanddiamondguide.com/Coupons/Zales.html and http://www.jewelryanddiamondguide.com.
The Wonders of Titanium
by: Hommer Titaniue
Titanium Jewelry

Jewelry designers and wears prefer Titanium due to it's strength and brilliant sheen. Because of the strength, designers are able to create delicate designs never before thought possible with other metals.

The future concept of aesthetics lies in the use of Titanium, the material that has been proven to be the solution to future technology as well. Titanium is totally hypoallergenic, non-destructible, non-tarnishing and lightweight, while generating a richness of color that allows it to be combined with the traditional jewelry metals for exciting and subtle effects.

Titanium, isolated over two hundred years ago is the versatile metal widely used in aerospace industry. It was named for the Titans, the mighty race that inhabited the earth before the creation of man. Today titanium has been adapted to other uses. Its luxurious texture and look make it an innovative and eternal medium for today's jewelry. Titanium rings, titanium bands and titanium bracelets in unique and classic design are a definition of precision.

A luxurious effect can be made by combining titanium with silver. Many wedding and engagement rings are combined in this manner.

Titanium jewelry presents a look of tomorrow with the strength of eternity. Polished titanium resembles platinum with only a quarter of its weight and twice the strength of the hardest steel. Beautiful wedding bands can be created by combing titanium with precious metals such as gold, silver and platinum. Many couples have chosen to strengthen their wedding bands with titanium rings. Inspired by the Greek god of love these rings are lovingly made with sentiments engraved in the ring. Bracelets weaved with titanium display the rhythm and flow to the joining strands.

Titanium is especially popular among men. It's a symbol of strength and masculinity. It is not only extremely strong, but it's also very lightweight. And titanium looks fabulous! Titanium can be easily crafted and molded into different shapes. Color can also be added to titanium to give titanium jewelry an even broader range of designs and styles. Black titanium men's wedding bands are all the rage right now--and black titanium is simply stunning. Wedding rings fashioned from titanium can also come in a variety of finishes, from satin to matte to polished. Gems can easily be added to titanium to expand its design capabilities even more.

However, titanium is a costly metal. Be prepared to pay a premium on titanium jewelry because titanium is harder to mine than gold. But titanium jewelry is well worth the price for both its luscious beauty and endless style. Jewelry made from titanium will last a lifetime with minimal care.

About The Author

Hommer Titaniue is the proprietor of Find Titanium, the place that answers all of your titanium questions. For more information visit: http://www.findtitanium.com

Silver Jewellery - A Brief History
By Jeff Hall
Antiquity

Pre-Mycenaean

Silver was used in ancient Italy and Greece for personal ornaments, vessels,jewellery,arrows, weapons and coinage. It was inlaid and plated. It was also mixed with Gold to produce white gold as well as being mixed with baser metals.

Examples of ancient jewelry were found in Queen Pu-abi's tomb at Ur in Sumeria(now called Tall al-Muqayyar), dating from 3000 BC. In the crypt the queen's body was covered with jewellery made from gold, silver, lapis lazuli, carnelian,agate and chalcedony beads.

Aegean lands were rich in precious metals. The considerable deposits of treasure found in the earliest prehistoric strata on the site of Troy are not likely to be later than 2000 BC. The largest of them, called Priam's Treasure, was a large silver cup containing gold ornaments consisting of elaborate diadems or pectorals, six bracelets, 60 earrings or hair rings, and nearly 9,000 beads. Silver was widely used in the Greek islands however only a few simple vessels, rings, pins, and headbands survive.

Mycenaean and Minoan.

Three silver dagger blades were found in a communal tomb at Kumasa.Silver seals and ornaments of the same age were also found in these regions. A silver cup found in Gournia dates to circa 2000. Some vases and jugsfrom Mycenae are also made of silver. Some of the Mycenaean blades are bronze inlaid with

gold, , silver, niello and electrum.

Bronze to the Iron Age

Engraved and embossed silver bowls made by Phoenicians have been found in Greece. Most of them have elaborate pictorial designs of Egyptian or Assyrian character and therefore probably foreign to Greece.

However some simpler types, decorated with rows of animals and flowers,can hardly be distinguished from the first Hellenic products. A silver bowl from around the 5th century BC can be found inthe Metropolitan Museum of Art showing a fine flower style.

Silver vases and toilet articles have been found beside the more common bronze in Etruscan tombs. For example, a chased powder box of the 4th century BC in the Metropolitan Museum of Art.

Roman

During the 4th century BC, the trend of ornamenting silver vessels with relief was revived. This type of work, elaborated in the Hellenistic Age and particularly at Antioch and Alexandria, remained the common method of decoration for silver articles until the end of the Roman Empire.

A lot of Roman silverware was buried during the violent last centuries of the ancient world. The largest, the Boscoreale treasure (mostly in the Louvre), was accidentally saved by the same volcanic eruption that destroyed Herculaneum and killed Pliny in AD 79. A slightly smaller hoard found at Hildesheim (now in Berlin) also belongs to the early empire. The acquisition and appreciation of silver plate was a sort of cult in Rome. Technical names for various kinds of reliefs were in common use (emblemata, sigilla, crustae.) Weights were recorded and compared and frequently exaggerated. Large quantities of bullion came to Rome from their battle victories in Greece and Asia during the 2nd century BC.

Early Christian and Byzantine

The earliest Christian silverwork closely resembles the pagan work of the period and uses of the techniques of embossing and chasing. The design is sometimesclassical, decorated with pagan scenes.

Most of the silver has been found in Syria, Egypt, Cyprus, Asia Minor,and Russia. It is mostly chalices, censers, candlesticks, and bowls and dishes. The techniques of chasing and embossing were often employed, but abstract patterns and Christian symbols inlaid in niello were also used. The 6th and 7th centuries saw the appearance of imperial control stamps,- early forerunners of hallmarks.

Middle Ages

Carolingian and Ottonian

In the last quarter of the 8th century the design focused on the human figure and the use of niello (chip-carving technique.)

Examples are the Tassilo Chalice (umlnster Abbey, Austria) and the Lindau Gospels book cover (Pierpont Morgan Library, New York City).

Most influential silver design was commissioned by Royalty or the church.Liturgical plate and reliquaries, altar crosses, and the like underwent no fundamental change; Ottonian work of the later 10th and 11th centuries can be distinguished from that of the 9th only in the development of style. For example, the larger, more massive figures, with their strict pattern of folds, on the golden altar (c. 1023) given by Henry II to Basel Minster (Musée de Cluny, Paris), are markedly different from the nervous, elongated figures of the Carolingian period.

Romanesque

In the 12th century the church was the chief patron of the arts, and the work was carried out in the larger monasteries. Under the direction of such great churchmen as Henry, bishop of Winchester, and Abbot Suger of Saint-Denis, near Paris, a new emphasis was given to subject matter and symbolism.

Gold and silver continued to be used as rich settings for enamels as the framework of portable altars, or small devotional diptychs or triptychs and shrines such as the shrine of St. Heribert at Deutz (c. 1160) and Nicholas of Verdun's Shrine of the Three Kings at Cologne (c. 1200).

The growing naturalism of the 13th century is notable in the work of Nicholas' follower Hugo d'Oignies, whose reliquary for the rib of St. Peter at Namur(1228) foreshadows the partly crystal reliquaries in which the freestanding relic is exposed to the view of the faithful; it is decorated with Hugo's particularly fine filigree and enriched by naturalistic cutout leaves and little cast animals and birds.

The increasing wealth of the royal courts, of the aristocracy, and, later, of the merchants led to the establishment of secular workshops in the great cities and the foundation of confraternities, or guilds, of silversmiths, the first being that of Paris in 1202.

The late Gothic saw an increased output of secular silver because of the rise of the middle classes. The English mazers (wooden drinking bowls with silver mounts) and the silver spoons with a large variety of finials are examples of this more modest plate. Numerous large reliquaries and altar plate of all kinds were still produced. At the end of the Middle Ages the style of these pieces and of secular plate developed more distinctive nationalcharacteristics, strongly influenced by architectural style: in England,by the geometric patterns of the Perpendicular; in Germany, by heavy and bizarre themes of almost Baroque exuberance; and in France, by the fragile elegance of the Flamboyant.

The purity standards of silver became rigorously controlled, and  hallmarking was enforced; the marking of silver in England, especially, was carefully observed.

In the Far East the skills of thesilversmith were unsurpassed as is evident from this solid silver bowl (the photographs are 4x magnification of original item) made circa 1398 in Kampochea (Cambodia) detailing the wars with neighbouring Thai rulers.

Islam

The use of gold and silver in Islam lands was limited because it was forbidden by the Koran. Although the prohibition was often ignored, the great value of such objects led to their early destruction and melting down. Islamic jewelry of the early period is therefore extremely rare, represented only by a few items, such as buckles and bracelets of the Mongol periods and such pieces as the Gerona silver chest in Spain and the Berlin silver tankard of the 13th century, with embossed reliefs of animal friezes.

Renaissance to modern

16th century

Using Silver from the New Americas, Spanish silversmiths, platería, gave their name to the heavily ornamented style of the period, Plateresque. England was also abundant in 16th-century secular silver, but church plate was mostly destroyed during the Reformation.

Baroque

Huguenot silversmiths who left France after the revocation of the Edict of Nantes in 1685 brought new standards of taste and craftsmanship wherever they settled�particularly in England, where the foremost names of the late 17th and earlier 18th centuries were of French origin: Pierre Harache, Pierre Platel, David Willaume, Simon Pantin, Paul de Lamerie, Paul Crespin, to mention but a few.Silver furniture, a feature of the state rooms at Versailles, became fashionable among Royalty and noblemen. It was constructed of silver plates attached to a wooden frame. Each suite contained a dressing table, a looking glasss and a pair of candlestands. In France such furniture did not survive the Revolution but much remains in England, Denmark, Germany, and Russia.

In the far east, Chinese silversmiths produced some of the most elegant and beautifully crafted silver jewellery some of which was exported to the Royalty of Russia.

18th century

Early 18th-century English work combined functional simplicity with grace of form, while the work of Dutch and German goldsmiths is in a similar style but of less pleasing proportions. The success of the English work, however, is due in part to the destruction of all but a fraction of French silver of the same period. English silver in the 18th-century classical style of Robert and James Adam is of unequal merit owing to the use of industrial methods by some large producers.

Colonial America

Silversmithing in the New World in the colonial period is chiefly from England. In North America it was first brought to New England by English craftsmen in the 17th century. The most important centres were Boston, Newport, New York City, Philadelphia, Baltimore, and Annapolis. Outstanding collections include the Mabel Brady Garvan collection at Yale University and those in the Boston Museum of Fine Arts, the American Wing of the Metropolitan Museum of Art, and in the Philadelphia Museum of Art. North American colonial silver is distinguished for its simplicity and graceful forms, copied or adapted from English silver of the period. Meanwhile the colonial silver of Mexico, Brazil, Colombia, Peru, Chile, and Bolivia, while mostly Spanish in concept, shows a blending of Iberian designs and forms,with indigenous influences that trace back to pre-Hispanic times. Most of these relics survive in churches as sacramental vessels.

19th century

Napoleon's empire brought French fashions back into prominence and the was widely followed on the Continent. England created their own more robust version of the Empire style.A recognizable Victorian style evolved in particular high-quality buttons, coins, sterling silver, and Sheffield plate, establishing new high standards of design and of factory management and welfare services. This was followed by the craft revival associated with William Morris and the distinctive Art Nouveau style.

Modern

Factories evolved using modern equipment�for example,laser stone cutting,stamping, pressing,spinning, casting, and mechanical polishing�account. These factories supply nearly all high street jewellery retailers. The evolution of style is now dictated by the buying public. Little has changed in the design of gold engagement or wedding rings however fashion demands have created an enviroment were the most lively designs are often those for costume and silver jewelry.

In Paris, designs by René Lalique inspired Art Nouveau, whilst in Moscow, Peter Carl Fabergé set a superb standard of craftsmanship for small ornaments. In Denmark, Georg Jensen, with Johan Rohde and others achieved not only an individual Danish style but built up several factories with retail outlets across the world, thus proving that good modern design in silver jewellery need not be confined to artists' studios.

Jeff Hall is the c.e.o. of the silverstall which houses a large collection of silver jewellery, a selection of which can be found at http://www.silverstall.com.

Article Source: http://EzineArticles.com/?expert=Jeff_Hall

Sterling Silver Chain - Why Is It So Popular?
By Robert Edwards


Most people who wear silver jewelry own several sterling silver chains and wear them on a regular basis. They are attractive and affordable when compared to those made of other precious metals. They are very versatile - there are many styles and types, and they can be worn as bracelets, chokers, anklets and necklaces.

The most basic type is simple - a link - in - link chain, called a Cable. Many designs are variations of the cable. The curb is a flattened cable. The Figaro style is flat like a curb, but has three short links, then a long stretched out link. Anchor, Mariner and Gucci designs have a bar across the center of the link. Rolos are made in a similar way to cables, with wide circular close-fit links.

They can also be very complicated in design - for example, the Rope or Byzantine styles are very complex in structure. These chains are made with links, but are assembled into intricate patterns.

Complex designs made with ring shaped links are examples of chainmaille. There are two general types - flat and round.

Most European chainmaille patterns produce flat, wide fabric-like strips that can be widened further to make armor - the chainmaille garments worn by Knights in Medieval Europe. This ancient ring weaving technique is being used today to make gorgeous silver jewelry.

Round chainmaille is very popular today worn as jewelry. Examples of designs made this way are double rope, Queens chain, Jens Pind, foxtail and Byzantine chains. Most are handcrafted because machines cannot easily handle the complicated assembly steps needed to produce this type of design.

Most commercially available silver chain comes from Italy and is machine made. These are good quality and there are many styles available. They look very bright when they are new because after they are assembled they are plated with .999 fine silver, giving them a whiter appearance.

American manufacturers produce excellent quality jewelry chain, mostly in Rhode Island. It is produced in smaller quantities and is generally sold in better quality jewelry stores and department stores. Much of it is sold in bulk lengths to manufacturing jewelers who use it as a design component in silver jewelry -- key rings, eyeglass holders, bookmarks, ID holders and more.

Modern production techniques and innovative design have made silver chains more stylish, popular and affordable than ever before. Wear one today - you'll love it!

Robert Edwards is a jewelry designer and metalsmith in New York City with more than 30 years of experience in the jewelry trade. He is the webmaster of a very popular silver jewelry website that features many unique and handcrafted designs.

Article Source: http://EzineArticles.com/?expert=Robert_Edwards